Delhi Orthopaedic Clinic

sports injury

What are the most common sports injuries?

Sports injuries are a common occurrence among athletes and can range from minor bruises and strains to more serious injuries such as fractures and torn ligaments. Some of the most common sports injuries include:

  1. Sprains: Sprains occur when ligaments, which are the tough bands of tissue that connect bones, are stretched or torn. The most commonly sprained joints are the ankle, knee, and wrist.

  2. Strains: Strains occur when muscles or tendons are stretched or torn. Commonly strained muscles include the hamstrings, quadriceps, and back muscles.

  3. Knee injuries: Knee injuries are common among athletes and can range from minor ligament strains to more serious injuries such as meniscus tears and ACL tears.

  4. Shin splints: Shin splints are a common overuse injury that occurs when the muscles and tendons around the shinbone become inflamed.

  5. Tennis elbow: Tennis elbow is a condition that causes pain and inflammation in the elbow joint, typically due to overuse of the forearm muscles and tendons.

  6. Concussions: Concussions are a type of traumatic brain injury that can occur as a result of a blow to the head or body. They are commonly seen in contact sports such as football and hockey.
  7. Fractures: Fractures, or broken bones, can occur as a result of a fall or direct impact. They are common in sports such as football, basketball, and skiing.


How to prevent sports injuries?

Dr Vinay Aggarwal who has been a leading sports doctor of Sports Authority of India. Dr Vinay Aggarwal has been fortunate enough to train some of the leading sports personalities including Gold Medalist Neeraj Chopra, P V Sindhu. According to Dr Aggarwal sports injuries can be prevented with proper preparation, technique, and equipment. Here are some tips for preventing sports injuries:

  1. Warm-up and stretch: Always start with a warm-up routine that includes some light aerobic activity to get the blood flowing and raise your body temperature. Follow with stretching exercises to prepare your muscles for the activity ahead.

  2. Wear proper gear: Make sure you wear the right gear for your sport, including helmets, pads, mouthguards, and supportive shoes. Make sure your gear fits properly and is in good condition.

  3. Use proper technique: Learn the correct technique for your sport, including how to land, jump, and change direction. This can help you avoid overuse injuries and other types of injury.

  4. Cross-train: Cross-training can help you develop overall fitness and strength, which can reduce your risk of injury.

  5. Rest and recover: Take time to rest and recover between workouts or games. This can help you avoid overuse injuries and keep you at peak performance.

  6. Stay hydrated: Drink plenty of fluids before, during, and after exercise to prevent dehydration.

  7. Listen to your body: If you experience pain or discomfort, stop and seek medical attention if needed. Continuing to exercise through pain can lead to more serious injury.